Guide des Paysages Urbains et Naturels de la Axarquía (en espagnol)
The Axarquia, one of the most traditional Andalusian region with 1025 square kilometers, is located east of the province of Malaga, bordered to the north and east with the west and east of Granada Tropical Coast. This is a territory with an arab past, as reflected in its name that comes from the Arabic Charkiya, meaning "lift" (in fact, in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries appeared in cartographic documents as an Islamic constituency). Its natural identity is the main reason for this delimitation, situated between the sea and the Sierra de Alhama.
The capital of the district is Vêlez-Málaga, mainly due to the weight of its population. Following this order, the Axarquia is formed also by the following municipalities: Nerja, Torrox, Algarrobo, Periana, Colmenar, Comares, Competa, Benamocarra, Riogordo, Frigiliana, Canillas de Aceituno, Almáchar, Alcaucîn, Benamargosa, Alfarnate, Comares, Viñuela , Sayalonga, Arenas, Moclinejo, El Borge, Iznate, Canillas de Aceituno, Cútar, Sedella, Alfarnatejo, Macharaviaya, Árchez and Salares.
If there is something remarkable in the Axarquîa is the dominance of the sea and the mountains, to the point that its environmental diversity gives rise to a wide variety of landscapes that has the benefits and coastal weather extremes typical of mountain landscapes, with peaks as La Maroma (2,080 m) --the highest in the province of Málaga--, Vilo (1,412 m), Gallo (1,356 m), Chamizo (1,637 m), the Morrón the Wedge (1,222 m), among others.
The Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara and Alhama mark the upper limit and on its slopes peoples of the region are distributing to reach the coast. These lands are crossed by the river Vêlez, largely tributary streams, and other low flow discharged directly into the sea after a short tour. The only reservoir of the district is La Viñuela, the largest in the province of Malaga, located in the municipality of the same name, which is the dam of the Guaro River, a tributary of the River Vêlez.
Man over this territory comes from prehistory, as seen mainly in the Cueva de Nerja. Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs also left their mark here. In medieval times, many monuments remain, even with a path counting Mudejar containing everything from tanks to the fortress of Bentomiz. In the sixteenth century the region goes to Christian hands, being at that time much of the churches, also with Moorish representations, such as Santa Catalina.
The beauty of the region is also presented in the countryside and especially the urban, with narrow streets villages, twisted, small squares and ramparts, with a variety of monuments, fortresses, castles like Zalîa, walls and doors (similar to the ones in Antequera) and the Villa Real in Vêlez-Málaga, remains of mosques and minarets like Árchez, and coffered Mudêjar churches. On the coast, the Axarquia’s landscape is made of cliffs and coves, frontiles and watchtowers, beaches and gardens, tradition and tourism. One of the most interesting places are the cliffs of Maro-Cerro Gordo.
Axarquîa economy is largely agrarian, with little mechanization, maintaining traditional activities such as the cultivation of the dry grapes. Particular concern also is the olive, whose exploitation is not very competitive for the rustic character of its production, but has high levels of quality.
Recently, new techniques have been introduced through greenhouses contrasting agroecological initiatives that are based on the least developed character of agriculture. This contrast results in the production of tropical products such as avocados and kiwis, but also of common vegetables in our market, which are attached to a major agribusiness.
All these realities are reflected in the Guide commented, financed by the Development Plan to Promote Tourism in the Axarquia.
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