History of Humilladero
As for the origin of the village, there is reliable data that dates it to 1618, a date which appears as an inscription on the base of the Cruz del Humilladero which is located in the locality. Other information, however, seems to set the origin in the 15th century.
There is a legend that says that the Reyes Catolicos stopped in front of the cross in the village to pray on their way to releases Granada from the Moors. Other expert researchers date the origin at about the same time as the houses that accommodated the first inhabitants of Humilladero, which were built around the farmstead “El Convento”.
The historians who have studied the conquest of Antequera in detail seem to agree that it owes its name to a pledge made by Infante don Fernando who accepted the leadership of the Moors in the face of the sword of San Fernando, which was being carried by the Moorish leader Per Afán de Ribera Debe who had come from Seville with his troops and who was going to join forces with the Infante near Antequera in the place that the village occupies today. Don Fernando, later to be called “El de Antequera,” knelt down and kissed the sword and swore not to put it down until Antequera was totally conquered. The other knights there on the day followed suit and made the same pledge. After the battle, a cross was erected on the spot that the Infante don Fernando received the sword.
The country houses that exist within the municipality are very isolated given that they were once the houses of noble born well to do families from Antequera. As for the village itself, the two materials that are seen in abundance are lime (on the walls of the houses) and cement. The urban layout is almost entirely straight and square.
Its economy is based on light industry and taking into account the size of the region it is in the industrial estate can be considered quite large. Cattle farming and forestry are two additional elements of the town’s economy as well. It is generally understood that on a social level the inhabitants of this town identify more with those from the Sierra Sur de Sevilla, which is due to the fact that the majority of them are labourers in some kind of industry and not agricultural workers. Anyway, overall agriculture is not important like it is in other towns and villages, while there is a wide range of alternatives instead; textile, olive oil production, carpentry workshops, metalwork warehouses and others.