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History of Alozaina

Diputación de Málaga

History of Alozaina

The origins of the first urban settlements within the municipality of Alozaina date back to the Secondary Era, although numerous relics and fossil remains have also been discovered as there was a lake or sea in the area way back known as the Gavilanes. Remains of living quarters have also been uncovered in the Jorrox area in the Cueva del Algarrobo or “de las vacas” (where various hunting instruments from the Solutrense Patheolitic Era were found) and in the “Cueva de la Mesa” where a burial ground was unearthed along with two ear trumpets from the Bronze Era, which are now on display in the Museo Arquelogico in Malaga.

Several tombs from the Iberian or maybe Phoenician period have been found along with decorated water jars and other objects. The Romans also left their mark in the Monte district (in the Albar zone) in the form of a column and a kind of ara. Roman remains have also been unearthed in the Ardite area.

When the Moors arrived on the scene they built the two watchtowers at Ardite and Alhosaina. These were to become a small fortress, and were to be the first settlement that was later to carry the name of today’s village. The village was taken by the Catholic Kings in 1484 and it was quickly inhabited again by old Christians. After the Moorish uprising in 1568 the village was looted and left in ruins. Later on, on 12 April 1942 Alozaina was declared to be an independent municiplaity.

The name given to the inhabitants from Alozaina is “percheros” whereas those from the neighbouring village of Casabonela are called “moriscos”. Both nicknames have their origin in the Reconquista by the Catholic Kings when once Alhora fell on 20 June 1484 Alozaina followed suit. From this moment on the locality was reinhabited with outsiders and those who had had nothing to do with the uprising. This meant that everyone had brought with them some kind of belongings for which they were obliged to pay taxes or “pecho”. This meant that the word “perchero” was therefore given to all the King’s subjects who were not members of a Noble family and as such were not exempt from paying taxes.

Alozaina is said to be the first village from the whole of Spain to initiate harvesting green olives. The Municipal Band is also unique in that it is 140 years old (the oldest in the whole province) and amongst the famous people born in the village are Doctor Ramirez, who became President of the Republic of Argentina, Diego Martin Sepulveda, who was the National President of the Communications, Cork and Glass Trade Union and Maria Sagredo who was famous for her stand against the Moorish uprising.