Cueva de La Pileta (La Pileta Cave)
During the Upper Palaeolithic, it served as a meeting point for those groups moving seasonally between the Serranía de Ronda mountains and the coast. It houses one of the most interesting cave painting collections in the Iberian Peninsula.
It was declared a National Monument in 1924. It was discovered in 1924 by an agricultural worker from the area and was exposed to the world by W Werner who carried out an extended study on it in 1912. A number of pieces of pottery were discovered during the different excavations and the most important discovery was a necklace stone about six centimetres big with a Venus image engraved on it.
The importance of this cave is due to the presence of the extraordinary cave paintings on the inside, which are dated from the Path Eolithic Era. Most of them represent animals with goats being the most prevalent, although there are also horses, buffaloes, bison’s, deer and fish.
The paintings can be grouped together according to the techniques used in them. The oldest style is considered to be carried out with the fingers full of mud and have brown tones in them. One of the most outstanding being the “pez”. The ones that follow on in chronological order are those with reddish tones, which sometimes superimpose the brown ones.
The most recent are the black colour ones that belong to the “azilienze” period. The cave is made up of a series of galleries on different levels and is as high as 15 metres in some places. The central nave is especially large with a 60-metre span.
For more information, check also the web: www.benaojan.net/cuevadelapileta.htm