The location of the town of Ronda ontop of a rocky outcrop has meant that throughout history it has been extemely important from a strategic and defensive standponit. During the Muslim period the Medina was located here, although clearly contained both by the natural gorge cut out by the River Guadalevîn, and the defence walls of the town itself.
The Puerta de Almocábar, which is in the south stretch of the wall, is one of the most outstanding remains of what was once the impressive walled city. It was built in the 13th century and rebuilt during the reign of Carlos 5th. It takes its name from the word "Al-maqabir" (cementary), due to its proximity to the necropolis that was situated on the outskirts of the city, which was Arab custom. It was one of the main entrances to the town and led through to the “Barrio Alto” (currently known as Espiritu Santo), and the Muslim Medina. The gateway is flanked by two semicircular stone turrets and has three arches; two horseshoe arches, and a third pointed one in the centre.
Halfway through the 16th century a Renaissance-style gateway was added to the wall’s front part to provide more access routes. However, this one had a square floor plan and the gateway consisted in one main half-rounded arch above which sat a large Royal coat of arms held up by a Imperial Eagle.
Another important part of the walled part of the ancient town is located in the eastern part of the town: the Cijara walls and gateway. This part has a double defence wall which housed and provided protection for the outskirts of Islamic Ronda as it was then. The Arab Baths were also located in this area.
Finally, the other part of the wall worth special mention is named Las murallas de la Albacara, which was built to provide protection for the industrial areas of the town such as the grain mills. The animals were also kept there in times of danger. There are two gateways on this side of the wall, the first named, “Cristo” or “de los Molinos” and the Puerta del Viento, both of which provided access to the Medina.
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