Karte der städtischen Route von Cartajima (in Spanisch und Englisch)
This publication has been made under the Development Plan to Promote Tourism in the Serrania de Ronda, is bilingual (English and Spanish), and includes at the back a description and a map of the urban routes of the Serrania de Ronda.
Cartajima is situated in the Oreganal mountain range, 846 m above the sea level, at the foot of the Riscos, remarkable limestone karst formations in the Serranîa de Ronda.
The name of Cartajima comes from the Arab and means “Alquerîia de Aljaima” (“Farmhouse of Aljaima”). In the first documents of the Christian, it was named as Xaritalxime. At the end of the 15th C. when Cartajima fell into the Christian hands, it experienced the same sort of fade as the rest of the towns in the Serranîa, the Moriscos (converted Muslims) were expelled and consequently a massive depopulation was suffered; Towns as Benahayón or Benajacîn even disappeared.
In the 19th C. with the Napoleonic troops, the Independence War (1802 – 1814) began and Cartajima could boast of a strong setback to the French. Fernando VII granted the village the status of “villa” as reward for the loyalty given in the War. Shortly after that, the plague of the phyloxera that devastated Europe at the end of the 19th C. undermined the local economy, based in the grape cultivation and iron extraction – sent to the cannon factory in Jimena de la Frontera.
Let us start the route at the entrance of the town, place known as La Era, from where you can enjoy of great views of the Genal valley. Go down by Nueva street and continue on by Ancha street. Here you will be able to see the meticulous architecture and the faèades of different houses of the 18th century. At this point, you will be very close to the Castaño Arenas (Arenas Chestnut tree), a very important tree in the Serranîa de Ronda. Return some meters and go up by Carril street. Besides this street you will find one of the most outstanding scenic viewpoints of the town. From here and after a short path fully decorated with geraniums, you will reach the church of Nuestra Señora del Rosario (16th C.). Along the route, you will find ceramics walls with curiosities of the town, as the gastronomy of Cartajima or the main battles that took placed in this beautiful place of the Serranîa de Ronda.
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