History of Júzcar
The origins of this village are not totally clear according to experts, although it is believed that there was a settlement on this site even before the existence of the Arabs. After the Christian conquest the various smaller population groups in the area came together and formed the current village and the parish church was raised in 1505. The urban centre of the village grew up around the church, as was usual in the area.
The urban centre must have become quite an important reference point in the region over the years, as more and more smaller villages were added to its municipality limits. According to Pascual Madoz in his Statistical/Historical Dictionary of Spain (1845 to 1850), Faraján and the adjoining places of Alcapana, Capanza, Moclón, La Fábrica and Los Molinos were all included over time.
Júzcar was also affected, as web as the other towns in the mountain area, by the expulsion of the Moors and the repopulating that occurred afterwards, which was the beginning of what exists today.
The rather exceptional land layout which Juzcar lies on has obliged it to be very resourceful when it came to designing the urban centre, which is irregular in the extreme also due to its past historic links with the Moorish architects.
This village is similar in many ways to its neighbour villages; Alpandeire y Faraján, not only as far as territorial matters are concerned ( the three of them are situated about 600 metres above sea level), but also on a social level they have things in common. However, the forest land in this particular village only makes up for 40 percent of the total land surface, but the landscapes themselves seem almost identical to the other municipalities which have a much higher percentages. There are chestnut, pine, gall oaks and Holm oaks and the mountain is also home to a wide variety of game for hunting and the river Genal also offers great fishing like the adjoining villages. Apart from the landscape, the locals from Juzcar live off the olive crop, while other vegetables like vegetables, citrus fruit and cereals crops are becoming more and more important for the local economy, without forgetting the work that forestry industries create.