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El Chopo Dolmen

Diputación de Málaga

El Chopo Dolmen

El Chopo dolmen, named after the terrains of the Chopo Ranch is also known as the Giant tomb (Sepulcro del Gigante). The road that leads to it is the regional road Ronda-Algodonales, close to the crossroad at Grazalema. El Chopo dolmen is inside a private and closed country property, one kilometre away from the crossroad. It is protected by the property’s fence, but it is possible to get close to it from the outside.

This is a big passage tomb, with a long corridor and one tall chamber slightly differentiated from the passage. The walls of the chamber are rather high and its original form was probably similar to the one of the dolmen in Menga, although it was smaller than it. The burial mound completely disappeared and many of the orthostates are broken.

The tomb is placed on a plateau, at the bottom of the southern slope of the Sanguijuela Mountains.  One and only capstone remains and allow us to imagine what the original appearance and dimensions of the monument were. As well as in Buendía or Gorafe, this dolmen lies on a small plateau, which is close to a cliff that leads to an adjacent valley. We can imagine that plenty of metres away from the dolmen, down the slope, there was a settlement next to the river.

The tombs were placed on the sides of the valley, at the visible place for visitors. This is typical for Andalusian’s dolmens.

El Chopo Dolmen is defined as a megalithic tomb with trapezoidal chamber and straight side walls, which are slightly curved at the entrance and are inclined towards it. It has ten orthostates (vertical squared stone blocks, which can be decorated or not, and that are usually built into the lower portion of a wall), which form side walls, and the straight main standing stone with a perpendicular orthostat placed behind the lateral ones. The tomb is maximum 1.2 m wide (main standing stone), and minimum 0.60 m (the entrance). It is 8.5 m long, 2.20 m high at its highest conserved point, and 0.80 m high at the lowest point. Only one flat horizontal capstone (table) still exists. It is close to the main stone, and moved to the left side. Material used for the orthostates is Jurassic limestone from this area.

Archaelogical Sites > Dolmen
Zip Code 29430