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Málaga

Diputación de Málaga
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    PERIOD 20th century DESCRIPTION Formerly Hotel Miramar, and before that Hotel Príncipe de Asturias, this building was the work of the architect Guerrero Strachan, and was constructed from 1921...

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    Located next to the Plaza de la Merced in a restored building that was originally an example of XVIII-century Malaga Baroque, this museum was the first in Spain to display miniature dolls houses,...

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    Las Huertas del Guadalhorce The GR leaves from la Avenida Gran Canaria del Peñón de Zapata, an area of pretty gardens which shortly enters a dirt track leading through farmland....

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    This is typical of the estates that abounded in the rural surroundings of the city of Malaga in the XIX and early XX centuries.

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    The marina El Candado is a port located in the east part of Malaga city. It has 280 moorings for boats up to 15 meters in length and has all the services like restaurant, workshop or boat rental....

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    Malaga has a new recreation and leisure area within the port which has been called The Palm Grove of Surprises and whose works have been delayed about four years until the inauguration in 2011. This...

PERIOD 11th - 15th century

DESCRIPTION

This impressive building, built mostly in the 11th century, was the palace-fortress of the city's governing Muslims. It was built on the summit of a hill, adapted to the relief. It is formed by two walled areas, the lower, which is a huge space that follows the topography of the hill and surrounds the upper part completely. This latter, within which the palace stands, is also adapted to the lines of the hill and has strong defensive elements at each end. It has a lift that run from calle Guillén Sotelo, behind the Town Hall.

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One of the first to research this monument, Professor L. Torres Balbás, describes imprisonment fortifications that were joined to the city walls, the Puerta de la Bóveda gate, built in a bend in the wall to increase its defensive properties, and the Puerta de la Columnas gate, which used Roman shafts and capitals as construction material to form a beautiful arch.

THE FIRST WALLED AREA or Lower Area, which is accessed through the Arco del Cristo gate, name it was given (Christ's Gate) due to it having been used as a chapel for many years, is a huge space adapted to the relief of the hill and surrounding the upper part. Amongst its most outstanding features is the bastion for the defence of the south-facing coastline, and the tower, the eastern end of which gives access to the fortified path that connected the fortress to Gibralfaro.

THE SECOND WALLED AREA or Upper Area, also well adapted to the terrain, has strong defensive elements at each end; to the West by the Cuartos de Granada Gate, which is the only access point and has been restored many times, and to the East, by the Torre del Homenaje, a tower which has been consolidated in the semi-ruinous state in which in now stands today

In the interior of this last area stands the Palace, part of which has been dated as 11th century, the rest pertaining to between the 13th and 14th century, whilst there is an interesting group of houses that date back to the 11th century.

The Palace occupies three consecutive patios: the first, called Los Surtidores, has a line of Horseshoe arches which give onto a room that, in turn, accesses a 16th century tower, with a Mudejar style interlacing structure roof and the Torre Maldonado tower, with its beautiful original marble columns, which constitutes a splendid viewpoint over the city.

The Patio de las Naranjos and the Patio del Alberca are accessed through a reconstructed section, and these in turn give access to the aforementioned group of living quarters.

The material used in the construction of the Alcazaba was mostly fossiliferous limestone, which decomposes easily, reason for which the Alcazaba has been restored on numerous occasions throughout it history. The most important of these, which was documented in chronicles, was the one carried out during the period of the Taifas Kingdoms, by Badis, Ziri king of Granada between 1,040 and 1,065. During this reconstruction, the structure was strengthened and extended to such a point that many authors have named Badis as the one responsible for the whole construction. Most of the Palace belongs to the 14th century, very much rebuilt in the 1930 restoration.

1. Access
2. 1st gate in the wall bed, called Torre de la Bóveda Vaida
3. Gate called Puerta de las Columnas
4. Exit to the Alcazaba's plot of arable land
5. 2nd gate in the bend, called Torre del Cristo
6. Garrison courtyard
7. Silo
8. Gate called Puerta de los Cuartos de Granada from where the Upper area is accessed
9. Silo, Garden and Patio de los Surtidores
10. Torre Maldonado (16th century)
11. Patio de los Naranjos
12. Patio de la Alberca
13. Patio de la Aljibe
14. 11th century group of houses
15. Torre del Homenaje
16. Well
17. Dungeons
18. Access to the connection path. a) and b) The two walled areas that are conserved

Source:
Department of Culture. Malaga Town Hall


HOW TO FIND IT

Address: CL ALCAZABILLA 2,  29012  Málaga
Telephones:
     Oficina: 630932987
     Centralita: 952227230

Links of interest

Escudo de Málaga
Town Hall
Avda. Cervantes, 4, 29016 
952209603
952135420
Areas